People who are suffering from AIDS face a lot of difficulties as we all know. Their immune system is weak in fact extremely weak which does not let the patient fight even the smallest diseases like cold and cough. In prison, the people who are suffering from AIDS leave with at least one month’s medicines, Prisoners get the freedom but at the same time, they lose all the medicare facilities and insurance which they were getting in the prison.
There is a recent study which is published in PLoS Medicine, this is all about studying the people who are suffering from HIV when they were in jail and when they returned to their homes and their respective society. The fact that so few had that experience points out how the health care system fails this population, says Dr. Frederick Altice, director of Yale’s HIV and Prisons program and the study’s co-author.
The results of the study said half of the people studied was not able to get good health care after release from jail. Some of them managed to remain in good health care services. But on comparing the situations the study concluded that prisoners suffering from AIDS remain more healthy than the situation when they leave jail. In fact some prisoners are re-enrolling their names in the medicare services which are facilitated by the government. “[HIV] is a chronic disease,” says Altice, who has been treating people with HIV since the early 1980s. “People don’t need services six weeks after release. They need them immediately.”
Dr. Cato T. Laurencin who is the professor at the University of Connecticut says Indeed, the study suggests that the post-prison-release period may be key in the fight to eliminate new transmissions of HIV.
He further added that “We are now talking about the fact that we believe that we can end new cases of HIV in our lifetime,” “We need to see changes in this setting. And if we’re not, that tells us we’re not on course.”
Seeing the data analytics of 2009, 71 percent of the people are well controlled who recently left the prison and HIV is not detected on checking it with proper tests. The negative impact of leaving the prison comes that patients show a decrease in their growth as they become less engaged in the health care services.
After leaving the prison, till the one year 1094 people were observed in the study, it is revealed that merely 67.2% people were getting the health care services and after he following year the figures started dropping by and reached 51.3%. It decreased till the figures became 42.5%. “This is the paradox,” says Altice. “People who are re-incarcerated didn’t have good viral suppression. It’s much better for health to stay out of prison.”
Dr. David Wohl who is the co-director of HIV services in the North Carolina Department of Corrections said that it’s hard to generalize the findings in one state, an urban one like Connecticut, nationally. “This is a best-case scenario,” says Wohl. “The services described in this paper don’t exist in North Carolina.”