Health officials are currently working to contain the latest Ebola outbreak in central Africa. Unlikely to previous epidemics, the medical teams now have more tools to fight against the deadly virus.
In order to contain the epidemic, rapid testing and vaccines for the deadly virus are being used. In Africa, occasional Ebola outbreaks are expected. However, most of these outbreaks involve infections and deaths at the small scale.
- More about Ebola virus disease (EVD) —
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is also called Ebola hemorrhagic fever(EHF) which is simply known as Ebola, which has become a talk of the town. It is a viral hemorrhagic fever of human beings. The symptoms and signs are typically beginning between two to three weeks after a person comes in contact with Ebola virus. A headache, muscular pain, sore throat, and a fever are some of the symptoms of this deadly disease. Ebola has a has a high risk of death as the virus kills 25 to 90 percent of those individuals who get infected.
Dr. Billy Fischer and Dr. David Wohl along with the UNC Center for Infectious Diseases were among those doctors who treated patients in an outbreak that persister for around three years.
Wohl said, “I think in 2014, it got the world’s notice because it was such a huge outbreak,” WRAL.com reported.
The dangerous disease was associated with over 11,000 deaths by early summer in 2016. Some of the patients found that they were infected with the virus after arriving in the United States by aircraft.
A study, led by Wohl, found that the deadly virus is lingering in the genital fluids of many patients. Blood tests can detect the signs of this virus, however, the results can take time. Wohl said, “We were able to adapt that to do it quickly in the field looking at semen.”
He said that identifying the patients with this disease early can help stop sexual transmission. Talking about an active program for the vaccinations targeting the household members who are in close contact with individuals with this deadly virus, which is another strategy to prevent transmission of the virus.
Wohl said, “Giving them the vaccine early on, before exposing them, protected them much better than delaying the vaccine.”
He went on to explain that the previous outbreaks were majorly limited to rural areas, but as of now, the dangerous virus seems to be spreading its roots to urban areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Wohl said, “We’re very concerned about the spread of the virus in big population centers.”
He plans to switch with other medical teams in the DRC soon in order to help to prevent transmission of the Ebola virus, which has taken lives of many. Wohl continued that now a huge concern is a shortage of funding to battle against the deadly virus.
Wohl said that more funding is needed to involve more medical teams to help to fight against the deadly disease, he added that more money would enable medical teams to set up operations in problem areas faster.
In the campaign to end the deadly Ebola outbreak in Congo, Doctors Without Borders is also getting involved. Doctors Without Borders, which is a medical charity, set up treatment centers for Ebola infections in one of the epicenters of the outbreak. In addition, the medical charity has also launched a vaccination program to save lives from the dangerous infection.
In the current Ebola outbreak, there are total ten confirmed Ebola patients and twelve suspects of the virus or probable Ebola cases in the particular area. According to health ministry of Congo, the virus has killed at least five people to date.